论文题目: 口语测试要点初探
主题词: 任务;条件;评分标准;评分体系;评分者与评分者之间的分数差异
Keywords: operations;conditions;assessment criteria; rating scales;inter and intrarater fluctuation
论文作者: 吴琨
发表刊物: 《外语教学:理论、实践与创新——首届第二语言教学国际研讨会论文精粹》
年卷/期数: 2008
页码:
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类别: 外语教学
摘要: 口语是英语思想技能之一,它在英语学习中的作用和听力、阅读以及写作的作用同样重要。然而,从某种程度上说,口语测试始终存在问题。因此,在这篇文章中,我们首先考察了口语测试设计的构成框架之间的关系,即任务、条件及评分标准之间的关系;我们还讨论和分析了总体评分和分项评分的利与弊以及它们对评分的重要性;最后我们讨论了降低评分者本人及评分者之间的分数不一致的方法。这些方面对口语测试的信度和效度都是非常重要的。
As one of the four skills of English language, speaking ability plays as important a role as listening, reading and writing ability. Yet the testing of speaking is, to some extent, problematic. Therefore, in this paper, we carefully examine the relationship between operations, conditions and assessment criteria so as to make the test itself more reliable. We also discuss and analyze the importance of rating scales (holistic scales and analytic scales) in scoring, and we finally introduce ways to reduce inter and intrarater fluctuation in order to improve marking reliability. These points are significant for the reliability and validity of a speaking test.