论文题目: 中美可持续发展官方话语分析——基于语料库的批评话语分析
主题词: 批评话语分析;可持续发展;官方话语
Keywords: critical discourse analysis; sustainable development; official discourse
论文作者: 窦卫霖,王宇婧
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类别: 语言学
摘要: “可持续发展”是近几十年来世界各国普遍关心的一个重大问题。世界各国关于“可持续发展”的官方话语是传递该国可持续发展政策和态度的重要途径。本研究采用中美两国领导人1988年至2010年关于可持续发展的公开演讲以及相关政府文件作为研究语料,从批评话语分析的角度对两国官方话语中词汇进行对比分析。本研究结合定量分析和定性分析,联系两国的国情与意识形态特点,探寻中美两国可持续发展官方话语的差异。研究结果显示,美国关于可持续发展的官方话语大多与环境、能源有关,而中国的此类话语还常与社会、经济、人口及农业等问题相联系。同时,中国官方话语中较多强调责任,而美国官方话语较多强调能力。作者认为,这些差异产生的原因主要在于中美两国迥异的国情、对于环境的不同价值观念、不同的可持续发展模式以及“可持续发展”概念在中国的扩展等方面。
The official discourse on “sustainable development” is an important way to show the sustainable development policy and attitude of a country. This study chooses the public speeches made by the top leaders of China and the U.S. and official documents of the two countries from 1988 to 2010 as the research corpus. From the perspective of critical discourse analysis, the paper studies the impact of sociocultural and ideological contexts on the construction of the official discourse and the relationship between them. To achieve this, the study examines the lexical differences of the selected documents through quantitative analysis and qualitative analysis. The differences exist mainly because social and cultural environments such as value orientations, national conditions and sustainable development modes are different in the two countries.