论文题目: “英雄”的演化:从茉儿到帕梅拉
主题词: 茉儿;帕梅拉;英雄
Keywords: Moll; Pamela; hero
论文作者: 黄梅
发表刊物: <英美文学研究论丛>第11辑
年卷/期数: 2009年
页码:
语种:
类别: 文学
摘要: 1720到1740年间,英国社会的思想氛围发生了某种戏剧性的变化。笛福和理查逊的两部重要小说,即《茉儿·佛兰德斯》和《帕梅拉》,从一个角度折射出这种转变。两书就题材看有明显的相似性:其主人公均为出身贫苦的下层女子。她们都从当家庭女仆起步,都曾被主人家的少爷追求、引诱,经历了人生风雨后又都成了富裕的闲适“淑女”。不过,与近似之处相比,她们所选择的不同道路却更耐人寻味。小说是西方现代社会成型期里应运而生的一种主流文学形式,其主人公(hero, 即“英雄”)是具有代表性的时代主角,因而这两部关键作品所体现出的“英雄”的演化值得关注。
From 1720 to 1740, within 20 years the cultural milieu in English society had undergone dramatic changes. Two important novels, i.e., Daniel Defoe's Moll Flanders and Samuel Richardson's Pamela, mirror in a way such multidimensional transformation. These two books are strikingly analogous in their subjectmatter both heroines start as poor maidservants courted andor seduced by their young masters, and both strive arduously for a better life. However, these fictional female characters take very different roads seeking fulfillment, which is worth more attention. In the view that the Novel is the main literary form emerged in the formative years of the so called western “Modern” society and its protagonists are representative images of the modern “Self”, this paper will focus its discussion on the evolution of the “hero” embodied in these two key novels.