论文题目: 《黑暗昭昭》的《圣经》戏仿
主题词: 《黑暗昭昭》;《圣经》;戏仿
Keywords: Darkness Visible; Bible; parody
论文作者: 沈雁
发表刊物: <英美文学研究论丛>第12辑
年卷/期数: 2010年
页码:
语种:
类别: 文学
摘要: 《黑暗昭昭》是英国作家威廉·戈尔丁在长逾10年的休眠期后发表的重要作品。小说虽然以20世纪后半叶的世俗社会为背景,却在文本中织入大量的圣经典故,被看做是从《创世记》到《启示录》的圣经故事在当代社会的重演。然而《黑暗昭昭》与《圣经》的互文关系却若即若离,充斥着各种互相矛盾的因素,如神学命题和喜剧形式的对立、男主人公麦蒂亦圣亦愚的形象等,呈现出完全相悖的诠释方向,因而显得扑朔迷离、晦涩难解。本文将这种互文关系解读为戏仿,并试图探讨小说《圣经》戏仿的主题意义,以期提炼出小说的内涵。
Darkness Visible, a product after the authors hibernation of more than a decade, remains Goldings most obscure work. Much of the novels moral intensity and technical complexity lies in its rich biblical references which are read as a reenactment of the Bible from Genesis to Revelation in contemporary terms. However, with the saintly idiotic protagonist and the tension between the theological message and the comic form, the intertexual link between the novel and the Bible seems elusive and results in contradictory interpretations. This paper is a tentative reading of the intertextuality as parodic, and attempts to explore the thematic significance of the biblical parody with a view of a better understanding of Goldings message.