论文题目: 《等待戈多》:信仰和理性真空状态下的等待行为
主题词: 贝克特;戈多;等待行为;美德缺失
Keywords: Beckett; Godot; action of waiting; void of virtues
论文作者: 刘立辉
发表刊物: <英美文学研究论丛>第12辑
年卷/期数: 2010年
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类别: 文学
摘要: 贝克特的戈多是一个游离不定的能指,其所指取决于等待行为的伦理学意义,从理性美德和信仰美德的角度,可以明晰《等待戈多》所呈现的感性和理性之间的颠覆性关系、十字架之树的戏仿、《圣经》的“非经典化”处理、时间之流中的信仰真空等文本内涵,从而判断戈多并不是评论家们通常所认为的上帝或者某种超自然的力量,而极可能暗示了贝克特后期重要戏剧作品所要表现的死亡主题。
Becketts Godot could be regarded as a shifting signifier, and the signified relevant to Godot is determined by the ethical reference in the action of waiting. Judged from classical and Christian virtues of rationality and faith, Waiting for Godot demonstrates a victory of sensual requirements over rational cognition, a parody of the Tree of Christs Cross, a decanonization of the Christian Bible, and an empty state of faith in the river of time. All this explains that Godot is unlikely to be what critics once called God or somewhat a supernatural force; instead Godot is most likely to imply death as to be presented in Becketts later major plays.