论文题目: 超越语言学意义的延异:詹姆逊和德里达结构主义的对话Différance Beyond the Linguistic Moment: Jameson's Dialogue with Derridean Deconstruction
主题词: 延异;踪迹;写作;历史;黑格尔哲学;马克思主义
Keywords: Différance; trace; writing; history; Hegelian dialectic; Marxism
论文作者: 谢少波 Xie Shaobo
发表刊物: <英美文学研究论丛>第10辑
年卷/期数: 2009年
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类别: 文学
摘要: 本文探讨了詹姆逊思想同德里达解构主义之间关系的问题。文章首先细致分析了詹姆逊的历史概念(这种概念是超越语言学意义的德里达延异概念的表征)以及解构主义和黑格尔辩证法两个理论体系的论战,在此基础上,论文讨论了詹姆逊是如何试图以马克思主义术语重写德里达的有关“延异”和“写作”的思想,从而挖掘德里达语言学上的延异以及符号“踪迹—结构”同詹姆逊的历史延异以及历史的非共时时刻思想之间在方法论上的一致性。另外,本文还对这两种话语之间的根本区别进行了阐释,将詹姆逊的理论体系作为超越语言学解构主义视野的重建工程呈现出来。在詹姆逊的解构主义价值体系中,“历史”假设出德里达延异概念的策略,然而在他的重建价值体系中,“历史”和整体性叙述几乎等同起来。
This essay addresses the problem of Jameson's relationship with Derridean deconstruction. Closely analyzing Jameson's conception of history as a figure of the Derridean différance beyond the linguistic moment and the debate between deconstruction and Hegelian dialectic, it discusses how Jameson tries to rewrite the Derridean notions of “difference” and “writing” in Marxist terms, exploring methodological congruity between Derrida's linguistic différance and “tracestructure” of the sign and Jameson's historical différance and his notion of nonsynchronic moments of history. The essay also examines the fundamental difference between these two discourses, presenting Jameson's as a reconstructive project beyond the linguistic horizon of deconstruction. In Jameson's deconstructive moment, “history” assumes the strategy of the Derridean différance, whereas in his reconstructive moment, “history” becomes coterminous with the totalizing narrative.