论文题目: “陷入重围的骑士精神” —— 从意识形态批评角度看“高文爵士和绿色骑士”中骑士精神的衰落
主题词: 中世纪浪漫传奇;骑士精神;意识形态;“高文爵士和绿色骑士”
Keywords: medieval romance; chivalry; ideology; “Sir Gawain and the Green Knight”
论文作者: 戚咏梅
发表刊物: <英美文学研究论丛>第10辑
年卷/期数: 2009年
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类别: 文学
摘要: 对中世纪浪漫传奇作品中的“骑士精神”的解读历来是中世纪文学研究的热点之一。大多数的批评重点将“骑士精神”理解为“忠诚”、“礼貌”、“谦卑”、“武力”等等骑士美德的总和,并通过这种细化分解,对每一种美德进行详细考察,以期如实地呈现中世纪社会的道德伦理风貌。本文以“高文爵士和绿色骑士”为分析文本,从意识形态批评的角度挖掘“骑士精神”背后的种种政治力量,将“骑士精神”作为反映和塑造骑士社会身份的一种意识形态力量来重新审视,通过分析“骑士精神”特有的内部矛盾性和外部冲突来展现14世纪末“骑士精神”不断走向衰落的历史事实。
It is a tradition that historians and literary critics show particular concern over the topic of chivalry and knighthood. There has always been a point of view that equates chivalry to chivalric virtues, such as “trouthe”, “honor”, “courtesy” and “prowess” etc., for the purpose of examining the moral contours of medieval period. However, chivalry in this essay is regarded as an ideology, a productive force that takes an active part in the work of reflecting and shaping the social consciousness of the medieval knights. “Sir Gawain and the Green Knight” provides an ideal text to expound the power matrix behind chivalry as well as the inner conflicts and outward confrontations that lead the chivalric ideology to its very disintegration in the late 14th century.