论文题目: 何以解忧?唯有梦想! —— 尼采与奥尼尔悲剧思想探析
主题词: 尼采; 奥尼尔; 悲剧思想
Keywords: Friedrich Nietzsche; Eugene ONeill; tragic thoughts
论文作者: 陈立华
发表刊物: <英美文学研究论丛>第9辑
年卷/期数: 2008年
页码:
语种:
类别: 文学
摘要: 作为美国现代戏剧的奠基人,奥尼尔曾受到过多种哲学思想的影响,其中最为突出的是受到尼采悲剧哲学思想的影响。奥尼尔以自己作品中对原始生活的向往、对野性生命的颂扬、对梦幻世界的追逐而制造鼓舞人生的力量,张扬悲剧所带来的美感。他大胆肯定人对于生存权利的维护和对生命支撑的寻求,哪怕这寻求是盲目的、梦幻的。正是由于尼采的影响,奥尼尔的悲剧充满着形而上的快感,放射出理想主义的光芒,有了一种尼采似的悲观主义的力量。
Eugene ONeill is the founder of modern American drama. He has been well nourished from different sources, especially from Friedrich Nietzsche. Nietzsches tragic thoughts become a tremendous influence on shaping ONeills tragic sense. Influenced by Nietzsche, Eugene ONeill expressed his high praise on primitive life and his longing for a dream land of happiness. In this way, his plays have been endowed with idealist brightness and metaphysical comfort.