论文题目: 论文学中的巧合
主题词: 巧合;发现;悬念;小说情节研究;叙事功能
Keywords: coincidence; recognition; suspense; study of fictions plot; narrative function
论文作者: 陈广兴
发表刊物: <英美文学研究论丛>第10辑
年卷/期数: 2009年
页码:
语种:
类别: 文学
摘要: 巧合是两个或数个随机事件,形成某种引人注目且具有叙事功能的联系。按照巧合的功能,可以将其分为结构巧合、辅助巧合、哲学巧合和日常巧合;而根据涉及的人和物,可以将其分为事件巧合和人物巧合。巧合的叙事功能包括故事层面的功能和叙事层面的功能。巧合在故事层面能够改变人物的命运,决定情节的发展方向;在叙事层面则能够在读者心中引发悬念和强烈的感情共鸣。现实主义文学经常利用人物巧合来制造悲剧或喜剧结局;现代主义小说排斥人物巧合,转而采用相似性巧合;而后现代小说中的巧合在表现形式和叙事功能方面呈现出多元化的倾向,出现众声喧哗的局面。
Coincidence is a constellation of two or more apparently random events with a striking connection and certain narrative function. According to narrative functions, we have structural coincidence, assistant coincidence, philosophical coincidence and mundane coincidence. According to the persons and events involved, we have event coincidence and character coincidence. Coincidences narrative function exists both in story and narration. Coincidence in terms of story can change characters fate and determine the direction of the plot, and coincidence in terms of narration can rouse suspense and resonance in the reader. Realism tends to use character coincidence to reach tragic or comic ending. Modernism abandons character coincidence by adopting analogical coincidence. The coincidence in postmodern fiction is diversified in form and function and competing voices coexist.