论文题目: 《克兰福镇》的反讽 —— 与米勒先生商榷
主题词: 《克兰福镇》;父权;性别研究
Keywords: Cranford; patriarchism; gender study
论文作者: 周颖
发表刊物: <英美文学研究论丛>第11辑
年卷/期数: 2009年
页码:
语种:
类别: 文学
摘要: 本文通过分析《克兰福镇》的反讽,对希利斯·米勒先生在《解读叙事》中的解释提出了怀疑。米勒将小说解读为纯粹的女性主义小说,认为小说的主题乃是反对“父权”和“男权”,批判新教伦理和资本主义。文章指出,这类判断更像是西方文学批评界流行的套话,而非小说真正要表现的主题。解构主义的理论先设使米勒将自己的价值判断强加于小说家,并提倡从最细微的细节中寻找证据。这样做的后果,一方面可能造成整体语境的忽略和不应出现的片面理解,另一方面容易使我们错过小说家更富洞见的思想和更微妙的情感。
Through an analysis of Cranford's irony, the author attempts to question what J. Hillis Miller has given us in his Narrative Reading. According to Miller's interpretation, the novel is a pure feminist literary piece against “patriarchism” (or “phallogocentrism”), protestant ethics and capitalism. Such conclusions, however, are more likely to be based on the established categories prevailing in American academic circle than a careful reading of the text. Under the influence of his theoretical presuppositions, Miller imposes his own value judgments on the novelist and seeks for evidence from the minutest details. The possible problem of this method, on the one hand, may lead to the negligence of the whole context and a partial understanding which should have been avoided, and on the other hand leavs us the regret of failing to catch the more insightful ideas and the subtler feelings of the author.