论文题目: 罗马的隐喻:原罪与狂欢 —— 谈《牧神雕像》与霍桑的国家意识形态批评
主题词: 牧神;黄金时代;罗马;进步论;狂欢
Keywords: faun; the Golden Age; Rome; progress; the Carnival
论文作者: 尚晓进
发表刊物: <英美文学研究论丛>第12辑
年卷/期数: 2010年
页码:
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类别: 文学
摘要: 《牧神雕像》在西方历史的宏阔语境中反思19世纪上半叶美国的主导价值观念,是对主流意识形态的批评和暗中消解。霍桑以牧神的堕落为主线,隐喻19世纪上半叶的精神病症;又以黄金时代的神话为参照,返观进步论主导下的美国状况。在确认原罪说的同时,作家以罗马为隐喻,通过游记描写将历史空间化,借此消解进步论所依赖的线性历史框架,质疑进步论指引下美国资本主义以及国家历史走向。在对意识形态进行消解的同时,表达了融合异教文化遗产以修正时代病症的文化理想。
In The Marble Faun, probably his most ambitious work, Nathaniel Hawthorne questions and challenges American national ideology of the first half of the 19th century by having Donatello, a faunlike character, reenact the mythic fall of man from innocence into the world of sin while resituating American history in the bigger picture of western civilization. If Donatellos story functions as a heuristic framework for the author to reflect on the sad transformation of modern man, the Golden Age myth he evokes in the novel is intended as a diagnostic tool for the problems of his country which is caught up in dreams of progress and national greatness. Hawthornes conservatism is most evident when he spatializes time and history with his seemingly digressive description of the eternal city of Rome, which, as a central metaphor, nullifies linear time and represents history as a heap of ruins. While thus interrogating the dominant ideologies of the country, Hawthorne also looks back on the cultural legacy of ancient Greek and Roman world and suggests that a healthier alternative is to incorporate laughter and the carnivalesque into a culture committed to progress, wealth and power.