论文题目: 《宠儿》中的“空间表征”之争
主题词: 社会空间;空间表征;空间实践;表征空间
Keywords: social space; representation of space; spatial practice; representational space
论文作者: 赵莉华,石坚
发表刊物: <英美文学研究论丛>第10辑
年卷/期数: 2009年
页码:
语种:
类别: 文学
摘要: 列斐伏尔的“空间三一论”强调“空间表征”规训社会成员的“空间实践”,而“空间表征”主要特征为其构想性,构想主体当然系空间规划者。本文提出:种族社会的种族“空间表征”构想主体是强势族群,而《宠儿》的“空间表征”构想主体白人裂分为两大阵营,以“学校老师”为代表的南方种植园主和以鲍德温兄妹为代表的北方废奴主义者,两大阵营所构想的“空间表征”基本一致,都强调白人黑人二元对立,差异在于前者将黑奴视为牲畜而排斥在社会空间之外,后者则将黑奴视作低等臣民纳入社会空间。两者的交锋实质上折射出美国19世纪南北不同经济体制所导致的种族意识形态冲突。
Henry Lefebvres spatial triad holds that representation of space controls the spatial practice of the members in society and that representation of space is conceived by planners of the society. The thesis argues that the conceiving subject of the representation of space in Beloved is divided into two camps the Southern plantation owners with “schoolteacher” as the representative and the northern abolitionists represented by the Bodwins. Both the representations of space of the two camps emphasize the WhiteBlack duality and their difference lies in the fact that the former refuses to accept the blacks as human beings in their social space while the latter accepts the blacks as the lowest within the social space. The conflict between the two projects the racial ideological conflict caused by different economic systems in the 19th century U.S.A..